Televisions

Televisions are products that display audio-visual content received from terrestrial, cable, satellite, Internet Protocol TV (IPTV) and other sources. Display technologies include liquid crystal display (LCD) and plasma products, which have replaced traditional cathode-ray tubes (CRT). Television products usually contain a tuner or receiver and display in one unit.1

The Multi-State Collaborative is providing these standard summaries as a courtesy; these materials are not intended to interpret state regulations. The user is responsible for reading and interpreting the regulations.

Which states have a standard?

Of the states participating in the Multi-State Appliance Collaborative, the following have a standard for televisions; the date in parentheses shows the effective date of the standard:

California

Effective February 1, 2013

For more information on California’s standards, please see California Appliance Efficiency Regulations

Definitions

California Title 20 Section 1602(v). Also see section 1602 (a) for general definitions

"Aspect ratio" means the ratio of width to height of the viewable screen area. Common examples include 4:3 and 16:9.

"Audio standby-passive mode" means the appliance is connected to a power source, produces neither sound nor performs any mechanical function (e.g. playing, recording) but can be switched into another mode with the remote control unit or an internal signal.

"Automatic brightness control" means an integrated control system that automatically adjusts the brightness of a television based upon ambient lighting conditions.

"Combination TV" means a system in which a television or television monitor and an additional device or devices (including but not limited to a DVD player or VCR) are combined into a single unit in which the additional devices are included in the television casing;

"Component TV" means a television composed of two or more separate components (e.g., separate display device and tuner) marketed and sold as a television under one model or system designation. The system may have more than one power cord.

"Computer monitor" means an analog or digital device designed primarily for the display of computer generated signals and that is not marketed for use as a television.

"Download acquisition mode (DAM)" or "Standby-active mode" means the product is connected to a power source, produces neither sound nor a picture, and is downloading channel listing information according to a defined schedule for use by the electronic programming guide, monitoring for emergency messaging/communications or otherwise communicating through a network protocol. The power use in this mode is typically greater than the power requirement in TV standby-passive mode and less than the power requirement in on mode.

"Electronic programming guide (EPG)" means an application that provides an interactive, onscreen menu of TV listings, and that downloads program information from the vertical blanking interval of a regular TV signal.

"Forced menu" means a menu which requires the selection of a display mode by a user upon their first use after the manufacture of the television.

"Integrated occupancy sensor" means a feature built into a television capable of sensing presence and entering TV standby- passive mode or standby-active mode to save energy in an empty room.

"Native vertical resolution" means the physical pixel count for the vertical axis of the television. For example a television with a screen resolution of 1920 x 1080 would have a native vertical resolution of 1080.

"On mode" means the product is connected to a power source and produces sound and a picture. The power requirement in this mode is typically greater than the power requirement in standby passive and download acquisition modes.

"Point of Deployment (POD)" means a card which enables a TV to have secure conditional access to a cable or satellite system.

"Retail on mode power" is the measurement of on mode power in the most consumptive mode available in a forced menu.

"Screen size" means the diagonal length from one corner to the corner furthest away of the viewable screen area of a television, measured in inches.

"Selected input mode" means the input port(s) selected which the television is using as a source to produce a visible or audible output. These modes are required for televisions with multiple possible inputs including but not limited to coaxial, composite, S-Video, HDMI, and component connectors.

"Television (TV)" means an analog or digital device designed primarily for the display and reception of a terrestrial, satellite, cable, Internet Protocol TV (IPTV), or other broadcast or recorded transmission of analog or digital video and audio signals. TVs include combination TVs, television monitors, component TVs, and any unit that is marketed to the consumer as a TV. "Television (TV)" does not include computer monitors.

"Television monitor" means a TV that does not have an internal tuner/receiver or playback device.

"TV standby-passive mode" means the television is connected to a power source, produces neither sound nor picture but can be switched into another mode with the remote control unit or via an internal signal.

"Viewable screen area" means the continuous total area of a television in square inches which displays a digital or analog video signal and is viewable to a consumer.

Energy Efficiency Standards

California Title 20 Section 1605.3 (v) (2)

(2) Televisions. All televisions manufactured on or after the effective dates shall meet the requirements shown in Table V-2.

(3) In addition, televisions manufactured on or after January 1, 2011 shall meet the requirements shown in Sections 1605.3(v)(3)(A) and 1605.3(v)(3)(B) and 1605.3(v)(3)(C) of this Article.

(A) A television shall automatically enter TV standby-passive mode or standbyactive mode after a maximum of 15 minutes without video and/or audio input on the selected input mode.

(B) A television shall enter TV standby-passive mode when turned off by remote or integrated button/switch.

(C) The peak luminance of the product in “home” mode, or in the default mode as shipped, shall not be less than 65% of the peak luminance of the “retail” mode, or the brightest selectable preset mode, of the product.

Table V-2 Standards for Televisions
Effective Date Screen Size (area A in square inches) Maximum TV Standby-passive Mode Power Usage (Watts) Maximum On Mode Power Usage (P in Watts) Minimum Power Factor for (P ≥ 100W)
January 1, 2006 All 3 W No standard No Standard
January 1, 2011 A < 1400 1 W P ≤ 0.20 x A + 32 0.9
January 1, 2013 A < 1400 1 W P ≤ 0.12 x A + 25 0.9

Test Method

California Title 20 Section 1604

(v) Televisions, and Consumer Audio and Video Equipment.

(1) The test method for standby-passive mode for consumer audio and video equipment is International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 62087:2002(E) – "Methods of Measurement for the Power Consumption of Audio, Video, and Related Equipment."

(2) The test method for standby-passive mode for televisions is International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 62301:2005, Edition 1.0 "Household Electrical Appliances&emdash;Measurement of Standby Power."

(3) The on mode and power factor test method for televisions shall be International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 62087:2008(E), Edition 2.0 &emdash; "Methods of Measurement for the Power Consumption of Audio, Video, and Related Equipment." Televisions shall be tested using section 11.6.1: "On mode (average) testing with dynamic broadcast-content video signal."

(A) Power Factor.
The power factor of the television shall be measured during the on mode test and the reported value shall be the average of power factor measurements taken at one minute intervals simultaneous to IEC 62087:2008(E), Edition 2.0 section 11.6.1 on mode wattage measurements. The measurement of power factor must be accurate to a hundredth of a percent.

(B) Testing Protocols.
A television shall be tested as manufactured without any modifications to screen settings with the exception of televisions manufactured with a forced menu. Televisions manufactured with a forced menu shall be adjusted and tested under the following conditions, 1 or 2, as applicable to the unit being tested. 1. The on mode measurement of a television with a forced menu shall be tested in the “home” mode or the manufacturer’s recommended mode for home use. In addition, the on mode of a television shall be measured in the most energy consumptive mode available in the forced menu. 2. If neither a “home” mode nor a manufacturer’s recommended mode for home use are available, the television shall be tested in the most consumptive mode available in the forced menu to measure the on mode power.

(C) On Mode Power Consumption.
The on mode power consumption for televisions with and without forced menus, and incorporating automatic brightness controls, shall be calculated as follows:
Pa1_broadcast = 0.55 * Po_broadcast + 0.45 * Pabc_broadcast
Where:
Po_broadcast = on mode power test with 300 lux entering the light sensor
Pabc_broadcast = on mode power test with 0 lux entering the light sensor.

(D) Light Measurement Protocols.
All luminance testing shall be performed in dark room conditions. The display screen illuminance measurement (E) in TV standby-passive mode must be less than or equal to 1.0 lux. Measurements should be taken perpendicular to the center of the display screen using a Light Measuring Device (LMD). Measurements shall be made using a reliable, accurate and reproducible measurement procedure, which takes into account the generally recognized state of the art measurement methods. Measurements shall also be made with the Automatic Brightness Control function, if such a function exists, disabled. If the Automatic Brightness Control function exists and cannot be disabled, then measurements shall be performed with light entering directly into the ambient light sensor at a level between 300 lux and 400 lux.

  1. Ensure the television is set to the Home mode, or the default mode as shipped.
  2. Immediately following the on mode power testing using the dynamic broadcast–content video signal as outlined in Section 1604(V)(3) display the three bar video signal provided in IEC 62087 Edition 2.0, Section 11.5.5, which displays three bars of white (100%) over a black (0%) background.
  3. After the three bar video signal has been displayed for 10 minutes, measure the luminance (Lhome). See Note 1.
  4. Within 1 minute of measuring Lhome, set the television to Retail mode, or the brightest selectable preset mode, and display the three bar video signal.
  5. After the three bar video signal has been displayed for an additional 10minutes, measure the luminance (Lhigh). See Note 2.
  6. Calculate and report the luminance ratio by dividing Lhome by Lhigh.:
    Luminance ratio = Lhome/Lhigh

Note 1: For television sets that are known to stabilize within 10 minutes, this duration may be reduced if the resulting measurement can be shown to be within 2% of the result that would otherwise be achieved using the full 10 minute duration.

Note 2: When possible, measurements of luminance shall be made without changing the LMD’s measurement position on the display when switching between the home mode and retail mode. If this is not possible, the tester should replicate the measurement position of the LMD so that measurements in the home-mode and retailmode are in the same position on the display.

Labeling Requirements

California Title 20 Section 1607

(11) Televisions.

*Note: the subdivision A and B below are no longer effective due to state statutory and federal regulatory actions.

(A) Each television shall be marked, permanently and legibly on an accessible and conspicuous place on the unit, in characters of equal size to the largest font used within the menu screen within the television’s built in menu, the on mode power consumption, in watts, as determined using the test method in Section 1604(v)(3) of this Article and filed under the requirements found in Section 1606(a)(3)(D) of this Article.

[*Note: This subdivision is no longer effective due to changes in state and federal law. (See Public Resources Code section 25213, subdivision (b), and 16 Code of Federal Regulations section 305.17).]

(B) Any publication, website, document, or retail display that is used for sale or offering for sale of a television manufactured on or after January 1, 2011 and which includes a description of the physical dimensions of the television shall include the identical on mode power consumption, in watts, immediately following and in the same font and same font size as the description of the physical dimensions, as filed under the requirements found in Section 1606(a)(3)(D) of this Article.

[*Note: This subdivision is no longer effective due to changes in state and federal law. (See Public Resources Code section 25213, subdivision (b), and 16 Code of Federal Regulations section 305.20, subdivisions (g) and (h)).]

For more information on California’s standards, please see the California page.

Connecticut

Effective January 1, 2014

The Connecticut televisions standard was adopted January 1, 2014. Please check back soon for more information, and to search for qualified products.

For more information on Connecticut’s standards, please see the Connecticut page.

Oregon

Effective January 1, 2014

The Oregon televisions standard will be adopted January 1, 2014. Please check back soon for more information, and to search for qualified products.

For more information on Oregon’s standards, please see the Oregon page.


1Adapted from the Appliance Standards Awareness Project, retrieved on December 19, 2013, from http://www.appliance-standards.org/product/televisions